Grooming or contact with a child for sexual purposes has been penalised since July 2009. The offence relates to a person who, with a view to committing a sexual offence against a child under the age of 15, agrees with the child to meet and subsequently does something concrete in order to encourage the meeting taking place. Such contact may be made via the Internet or in some other way. Any sexual offences subsequently committed in relation to the child were already punishable under the former rules; this fairly new legislation aims to penalise conduct involving making contact with a child for sexual purposes. The statutory provisions are found in Chapter 6, Section 10a of the Swedish Penal Code.
Chapter 6, Section 10a of the Swedish Penal Code
A person who, with a view to committing an act against a child under the age of fifteen for which a penalty is prescribed by Sections 4, 5, 6, 8 or 10, comes to an agreement with the child to meet and subsequently undertakes measures intended to facilitate such a meeting taking place, shall be sentenced for contacting a child for sexual purposes to pay a fine or to imprisonment for at most one year. SFS 2009:343